Forgotten Opera Singers

Forgotten Opera Singers
Forgotten Tenors: Leon Laffitte (2 photos), Richard Kubla, Luigi Marletta and William Miller

Apr 30, 2015

Adelina Agostinelli (Soprano) (Bérgamo, Reino de Italia 1882 - Buenos Aires, Argentina 1954)

She studied singing in Milan with Giuseppe Quiroli, whom she later married.  She began her career in 1903 at the Teatro Fraschini at Pavia in “Fedora” of U. Giordano. The same year took part in ‘’Tosca‘’ of Giacomo Puccini . The following year, in  1904, appeared at the Teatro Alla Scala in Milan in the opera ‘’Simon Boccanegra’’ of G. Verdi ,  opposite Mattia Battistini . In subsequent years, excelled in many theaters of South America , Russia , Spain , England , Italy and other countries of  Europe. Between 1908 and 1910 belonged to the ensemble of the Metropolitan Opera in New York . In 1911 she performed at La Scala in th premiere of the opera ‘’Der Rosenkavalier’’ by R. Strauss. Appeared for the first time in Argentina in 1908, at the Teatro Politeama,  participating in the operas ‘’Manon Lescaut’’ by G. Puccini and the following year joined the ensemble of the Teatro Colon, where she sang for several seasons. In 1910 she appeared in ‘’Mefistofele‘’ ,  ‘’La Boheme’’,  ‘’Il Battista’’ of  G. Fine and in ‘’Pagliacci’’.   In 1911 she starred in ''Thaïs'', ''Mefistofele'' , ''Don Carlo'' and ''La Fanciulla del West'',  sang again in August of that year at the Teatro Solis in Montevideo, Uruguay , opposite Edoardo Ferrari-Fontana and Titta Ruffo .  In 1916 she appeared in ‘’Boris Godunov’’,  ‘’The Mastersingers of Nuremberg’’,  ‘’Ballo in maschera’’ and ‘’Pagliacci’’.  Based in Buenos Aires, she began organizing opera companies and performances , at the Coliseum and Politeama.  On February 14 of  1925 she performed in ''Il Trovatore'' at the opening of the Teatro Verdi in Canada de Gomez , in the province of Santa Fe .  She retired from the stage in 1929, devoting himself to teaching.

Chronology of some appearances

1902 Montichiari Sociale Elisir d'amore (Adina)
1903 Pordenone Licinio Boheme (Mimi)
1903 Torino Carignano Boheme (Mimi)
1903 Bari Petruzzelli Boheme (Mimi)
1904 Malta Reale Cavalleria Rusitcana (Santuzza)
1904 Smirne Sporting Club Boheme (Mimi)
1904 Smirne Sporting Club Cavalleria Rusitcana (Santuzza)
1904 Smirne Sporting Club Gioconda (Gioconda)
1904 Alessandria d'Egitto Alhambra Cavalleria Rusitcana (Santuzza)
1905 Atene Municipale Gioconda (Gioconda)
1905 Patrasso  Apollo Boheme (Mimi)
1905 Patrasso  Apollo Cavalleria Rusitcana (Santuzza)
1905 Patrasso  Apollo Gioconda (Gioconda)
1905 Algeri Municipal Boheme (Mimi)
1905 Liegi Reale Boheme (Mimi)
1905 Kharkov Dukova Aida (Aida)
1905 Malaga Cervantes Aida (Aida)
1905 Liegi Opera Aida (Aida)
1905 Liegi Opera Cavalleria Rusitcana (Santuzza)
1905 Liegi Opera Elisir d'amore (Adina)
1905 Bruxelles Alhambra Aida (Aida)
1905 Bruxelles Alhambra Cavalleria Rusitcana (Santuzza)
1905 Bruxelles Alhambra Elisir d'amore (Adina)
1905 Bruxelles Alhambra Gioconda (Gioconda)
1905 Anversa  Varietes Boheme (Mimi)
1905 Marsiglia Gymnase Cavalleria Rusitcana (Santuzza)
1905 Nimes Anfiteatro Boheme (Mimi)
1905 Barcellona Novedades Boheme (Mimi)
1905  Palma di Majorca Principal Boheme (Mimi)
1905 Anversa  Varietes Aida (Aida) Boheme (Mimi)
1905 Amsterdam Palei Voor Volksvlijt Cavalleria Rusitcana (Santuzza)
1906 Santiago del Cile Municipal Aida (Aida)
1906 Messina  Vittorio Emanuele Don Pasquale (Norina)
1906 Santiago del Cile Municipal Amica (Amica)
1906 Santiago del Cile Municipal Lohengrin (Elsa)
1906 Rio de Janeiro Parco Fluminense Aida (Aida)
1906 Bari Petruzzelli Amica (Amica)
1906 Bari Petruzzelli Lohengrin (Elsa)


Edison 4-min cylinders, Milano 1908?
Traviata (Verdi): Addio del passato B170 BA28159
Bohème (Puccini): Mi chiamano Mimì B172
Bohème (Puccini): O soave fanciulla with Parola B174

Edison, London 1911-01
Aida (Verdi): O patria mia unpubl. 533-A
Don Carlos (Verdi): Tu che la vanità unpubl. 534-A

Edison, London 1912-07
Iris (Mascagni): Ho fatto un triste sogno... S'era malata unpubl. 1140-A
Faust (Gounod): Air des bijoux unpubl. 1147-A

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Apr 26, 2015

Maude Fay (Maud Fay) (San Francisco, California, USA 1878 – Connellsville, Pennsylvania, USA 1964)

She studied singing under Aglaja Orgeni in Dresden and made her debut in 1906 at the Hofoper of Munich as Marguerite in ‘’Faust’’ of C. Gounod. She remained active till 1914 in Munich. She sang in 1908 the title role in the Munich première of the opera ‘’Donna Diana’’ of  E. N. Reznicek, also appeared in the premières of the operas ‘’Elektra’’ (1908) and ‘’Ariadne auf Naxos’’ (1913) by R. Strauss. She had there a huge success as  Gräfin in ‘’Figaros Hochzeit’’ and as Donna Anna ‘’Don Giovanni’’. Her other roles in Munich were the Elsa in ‘’Lohengrin’’, the title role in ‘’Jessonda’’of  L. Spohr, Ada in Die Feen of R. Wagner, Norma and the Irene in ‘’Rienzi’’ of R. Wagner. She guested during this time at the Stadttheater of Zurich (1909), at the Hofoper in Berlin (1909), at the Oper of Frankfurt a. M. (1910) and Leipzig (1911). At Covent Garden in London she appeared in 1914 as Sieglinde in ‘’Walküre’’, as Gutrune in ‘’Götterdämmerung’’ and as Elsa in ‘’Lohengrin’’. She made also guest appearances in St. Petersburg, Brussels and in the 1912-1913 season in Amsterdam, where she had a huge success as Elisabeth in ‘’Tannhäuser’’ and as Sieglinde in ‘’Walküre’’. From 1915 to 1917 seasons she was engaged by the Metropolitan Opera in New York. In 1916 she sang there as a beginning role the part of Sieglinde. In the 1916-1917 season she made guest appearance at the Chicago Opera. In  the 1920-1921 season she was to be heard again at the San Carlo Opera Company in the USA. After she had married to American naval officer Powers, she gave only seldom guest performances and concerts. Later she lived in San Francisco.

Chronology of some appearances

1906-1914 Munich  Hofoper
1909 Zurich  Stadttheater
1909  Berlin Hofoper
1910 Frankfurt a. M. Oper
1911 Leipzig Oper
1912-1913 Amsterdam Opera
1914 London Covent Garden
1915-1917 New York Metropolitan Opera
1916-1917  Chicago Opera
1920-1921 USA San Carlo Opera Company


G&T, Münchenn 1907
Lohengrin (Wagner): Das süsse Lied verhallt with Heinrich Knote 044068 214s

Lina Garavaglia (Soprano)

She was the Sister of the mezzo-soprano Rosa Garavaglia. Probably she made her debut in 1890 at the Teatro Grande in Brescia as Frasquita in ‘’Carmen’’.

Chronology of some appearances

1890 Brescia Teatro Grande  Carmen (Frasquita)
1893 Lisbona  Teatro San Carlos Carmen (Frasquita)
1896 Valparaiso Teatro Victoria Stagione
1898 Lisbona  Teatro San Carlos Ugonotti (Paggio)
1899 Lisbona  Teatro San Carlos Ernani (Giovanna)
1900 Roma Teatro Quirino Carmen (Mercedes)
1902 Napoli Teatro San Carlo Barbiere di Siviglia (Berta)
1904 Buenos Ayres Opera Adriana Lecouvreur (Jouvenot)
1908 Lisbona  Teatro San Carlos Boheme (Musetta)
1911 Palermo  Teatro Massimo Sonnambula (Lisa)
1914 Buenos Ayres Teatro Colon Madama Butterfly (Zia)
1916 La Spezia Politeama Duca di Genova  Favorita (Ines)


Edison 2-min cylinders, Milano 1906?
Manon Lescaut (Puccini): In quelle trine morbide B53
Don Pasquale (Donizetti): So anch'io B58

Columbia, Milano
Gioconda (Ponchielli): L'amo come il fulgor with Rosa Garavaglia D17509 74707
Complete Carmen (Bizet): As Mercédès with Fanny Anitúa, mezzo-soprano, Don José - Luigi Bolis, tenor, Micaëla - Ines Maria Ferraris, soprano, Escamillo - Cesare Formichi, baritone, Frasquita - Rosa Garavaglia, soprano, Zuniga - Enrico Spada, bass, Il Dancairo/Moralès - Luigi Baldassare, bass, Il Remendado - Carlo Paltrinieri, tenor. Coro e Orchestra del Teatro Alla Scala.

Maria Carbone (Soprano) (Castellammare di Stabia, Italia 1908 – Roma, Italia 2002)

She studied singing at the Conservatorio di San Pietro a Majella di Napoli under Agostino Roche and made her debut in 1929 at the Teatro San Carlo in Napoli as Margherita in ‘’Mefistofele’’ of A. Boito.

Chronology of some appearances

1932 Torino Teatro Regio Turandot (Liu)
1932 Teatro dell'Opera di Roma Lodoletta (Lodoletta)
1933 Holland Concert 
1936 Milano La Scala Il Tabarro (Giorgetta)
1937 Milano La Scala Maria Egiziaca by Ottorino Respighi (-)
1938 Maggio Musicale Fiorentino Antonio e Cleopatra by Gian Francesco Malipiero (-)
1941 Teatro dell'Opera di Roma Ecuba (-)

Since 1950 she was active in the field of education. In 1953 she retired from the stage. Frist she worked as a pedagogue at the Conservatorio di musica “Giuseppe Verdi” di Milano, then at the Conservatorio di Musica Benedetto Marcello di Venezia, later on private base in Torino. So significant singers like Maria Chiara, Renzo Casellato, Benito di Bella und Seta del Grande belonged to her pupils.


HMV, Milano 1931
Complete Otello (Verdi): with Nicola Fusati, Apollo Granforte, Pietro Girardi, Tamara Beltacchi, Nelo Palai, Corrado Zambelli and Enrico Spada

Maria Carena (Soprano) (Torino, Italia 1891 – Torino, Italia 1966)

Maria Carena

                                                       Virginia Ferni-Germano

She studied singing under Virginia Ferni-Germano in Turin and made her debut in 1917 at the Teatro Chiarella in Turin as Leonora in G. Verdi’s ‘’ Trovatore’’. 

Chronology of some appearances

1917 Torin Teatro Chiarella Trovatore (Leonora)
1918 Roma Teatro Costanzi Mosè (Anaide)
1918 Milano Teatro Lirico Aida (Aida)
1918 Genova Politeama Genovese Trovatore (Leonora)
1919 Buenos Aires Teatro Coliseo Aida (Aida)
1919 Buenos Aires Teatro Coliseo Tabarro (Giorgetta)
1920 Roma Teatro Costanzi Uomo che ride di Arrigo Pedrollo (World premiere)
1921 Bologna Teatro Comunale Nemici by Guido Guerrini (World premiere)
1922 Milano La Scala
1926 Bologna Teatro Comunale
1927 Roma Teatro Argentina Lohengrin (Elsa)
1931 Genova Teatro Carlo Felice
1931 Napoli Teatro San Carlo
1931 Milano La Scala Huguenots (Valentina)
1932 Milano La Scala Un ballo in maschera (Amelia)
1940 Roma Teatro dell'Opera Trovatore (Leonora)


Fonotipia, Milano 1927-01-21
Forza del destino (Verdi): Madre, madre, pietosa vergine 120038
Ave Maria (Bach-Gounod) 120038 XXPh5863

Apr 25, 2015

Alexandra Makarova (Mezzo-Soprano) (St. Petersburg, Russia 1870 - ?)

On the advice of Anton Rubinstein she studied singing at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory under I. P. Prianishnikov and made her operatic debut there. Later she appeard at Moscow (Bolshoi Theatre. 1892-1893, 1899), Kharkov ((1899, 1901-02, 1905) and St. Petersburg (Private Opera. 1902/, Russian-Italian Private Opera. 1903, 1909/, New Summer Theater Olimpia 1903/, New Opera and Theater Akvarium 1906/, Mariinski Theater 1907-1908). She made guest appearances at Baku (1911), New York (1909), and Paris (Théâtre Sarah-Bernhardt.  1911). 

Chronology of some appearances

1892-1893 Moscow Bolshoi Theatre
1899 Moscow Bolshoi Theatre
1899 Kharkov Opera
1901-1902 Kharkov Opera
1902 St. Petersburg Private Opera
1903 St. Petersburg Russian-Italian Private Opera
1903  St. Petersburg New Summer Theater Olimpia
1905 Kharkov Opera
1906 St. Petersburg New Opera
1906 St. Petersburg Theater Akvarium
1907-1908 St. Petersburg Mariinski Theater
1909 St. Petersburg Russian-Italian Private Opera
1911 Paris Théâtre Sarah-Bernhardt


G&T, St Petersburg 1905 (late)
Life for the Tsar (Glinka): Our hearts rejoice... Oh God, love our Tsar with Nikolai Bolshakov, Maria Michailova and Lev Sibiriakov 24422 3454L

Maria Kovalenko (Soprano) ( Ajama, Kirovograd, Ukraine 1873 - St. Petersburg, Russia 1950)

First she studied singing at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory under Carolina Ferni-Giraldoni, then with S. Tsekhanovskaya. In 1903 she made her operatic debut. In the 1906-1908 seasons she appeared at the Opera in Kiev. From 1908 to 1928 she was a soloist of the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg. Also she made guest appearances in Moscow - Bolshoi Theatre (1909, 1911, 1923) and the Zimin Opera (1926).

Chronology of some appearances

1906-1908 Kiev Opera
1909 Moscow Bolshoi Theatre
1911 Moscow Bolshoi Theatre
1923 Moscow Bolshoi Theatre
1926 Moscow Zimin Opera
1908-1928 St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre


Gramophone 19-9-10
A Life for the Tzar (Glinka): I do not grieve about that 2-23503 14803

Natalia N. Vechor (Soprano) (Khabarovsk, Russia 1902 - Rennes, France 1986)

About this singer I have no information.

HMV 2-4-1931
Rusalka (Dargomyzhsky): Olga's aria - On our road  30-6475 0G553-1

Apr 24, 2015

Mignon Nevada (Soprano) (Paris, France 1886 – Long Melford, England 1971)

She was a leading European soprano of the early 20th. century. Born Mary Mathilda Mignon Amina Palmer, she was the child of legendary coloratura Emma Nevada, and received her given name from the opera "Mignon" by her godfather Ambrose Thomas. Trained as a coloratura by her mother, which some considered a mistake, she made her February 1908 operatic debut at the Teatro Costanzi, Rome, as Rosina in Rossini's "The Barber of Seville". Mignon was first heard at Covent Garden, London, in 1910 as Desdemona in Giuseppe Verdi's "Otello" under the baton of Sir Thomas Beecham, who both considered her his favourite Ophelia in Thomas' "Hamlet" and thought that she should have been a mezzo soprano. She had notable success in London up to 1922 as the doll Olympia of Jacques Offenbach's "The Tales of Hoffman", the tragic title heroine of Donizetti's "Lucia di Lammermoor", Marguerite in Charles Gounod's "Faust", the doomed Gilda in Verdi's "Rigoletto", and Zerlina from Mozart's "Don Giovanni". Her Opera-Comique, Paris, bow came in 1920 as the title lead of Leo Delibes' "Lakme" and she was also seen there as Mimi from Puccin's "La Boheme". Mignon first appeared at La Scala Milano in 1923 and at the Paris Opera in 1932. In her later years she was, as had been her mother, a respected voice teacher. Her recorded legacy consisting of a single recording of a Thomas song cut in 1938 has been preserved.

Chronology of some appearances

1908 Rome Teatro Costanzi Barbiere di Siviglia (Rosina)
1910 London Covent Garden Otello (Desdemona)
1920 Paris Opera-Comique Lakme (Lakme)
1923 Milan La Scala ? (-)


International Record Collectors Club (USA) 1924
Esmeralda - Polacca 3139

Unpublished Electric Voix de Son Maitre Paris, 1931  
Faust (Gounod): Ah, je ris de me voir Test Pressing (mtx. OK-93-1)

Leo Slezak (Tenor) (Šumperk, Czech Republic 1873 - Rottach-Egern, Germany 1946)

He was one of the giants of the operatic world of the first quarter of the 20th century. He began to sing as an amateur in the choir of the local theater in Brünn, and, as so often happens, began to attract attention from people able to help him, in this case baritone Adolf Robinson. In 1896 Slezak made his stage debut in Brünn as Lohengrin.

Chronology of some appearances

1896 Brünn (Brno) Stadttheater Lohengrin (Lohengrin)
1898 Berlin Hofoper
1899-1901 Wroclaw Opernhaus
1900 London Covent Garden Lohengrin (Lohengrin)
1901-1912 Vienna Hofoper
1901 Prague Deutschen Theater
1902 Zurich Stadttheater
1905 Brünn (Brno) Stadttheater
1905 Milan La Scala
1907 Lvov (Lwów) Opera
1907 Vienna Hofoper The Queen of Spades (Hermann) creator
1909 London Covent Garden
1909 Vienna Volksoper Otello (Otello) 
1909 Paris Théâtre Châtelet
1910 Vienna Hofoper Der Zigeunerbaron (Barinkay) creator
1910 New York Metropolitan Օpera Tannhäuser (Tannhäuser) debut
1910 New York Metropolitan Օpera The Queen of Spades (Hermann) creator
1910 Boston Opera Otello (Otello)
1910 Boston Opera Trovatore (Manrico)
1911 New York Metropolitan Opera Otello (Otello)
1912 New York Metropolitan Opera Otello (Otello)
1912 Frankfurt a. M. Oper
1916 Dresden  Hofoper
1917 Frankfurt a. M. Oper
1917-1934 Vienna Hofoper
1918 Budapest
1920 Copenhagen
1920-1921 Stockholm
1922 Basel Stadttheater
1929 Berlin
1933 Vienna Hofoper Pagliacci (Canio)


G&T, Wien 1901-08?
Cavalleria Rusticana (Mascagni): O Lola (Siziliana) 42081 1342B
Tannhäuser (Wagner): Dir töne Lob 42082
Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Wagner): Morgenlich leuchtend 42410 213x
Ungeduld (Schubert) 42083 1344B

G&T, Wien 1902-05?
Tannhäuser (Wagner): Dir töne Lob 42758 2447B
Prophète (Meyerbeer): Pastorale 42755 2449B
Fliegende Holländer (Wagner): Willst jenes tages 2-42523 978x
Ernani (Verdi): Arie des Ernani (Come rugiada) 42852 964x
Zauberflöte (Mozart): Dies Bildnis 42853 965½x
Aida (Verdi): Holde Aida 42900
Liebesbotschaft (Schubert) 42985 980x
Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Wagner): Am stillen Herd 2-42524 990x
Huguenots (Meyerbeer): Ihr Wangenpaar 2-42501 979½x
Siegfried (Wagner): Nothung! (Schmiedelied) 42854 966x

G&T, Wien 1903-05/07
Trovatore (Verdi): Einsam steh' ich (Ständchen) 2-42092 970'c
Trovatore (Verdi): Lodern zum Himmel (Stretta) 2-42126 971'c
Tannhäuser (Wagner): Den Bronnen, den uns Wolfram nannte 2-42618 818z
Die Träne (Rubinstein) 2-42567 741'z
Morgenhymne (Henschel) 2-42568
Der Lenz (Hildach) 2-42569 743'z
Pagliacci (Leoncavallo): Arioso (Vesti la giubba) 2-42572 748z
Trovatore (Verdi): Dass nur für mich 2-42573 749z
Guillaume Tell (Rossini): O Mathilde 2-42592 820z
Prophète (Meyerbeer): Triumphgesang 2-42593 821z
Rigoletto (Verdi): Ach wie so trügerisch 2-42619
Pikova Dama (Tchaikovsky): Trinklied 2-42646
Juive (Halévy): Grosser Gott, hör' mein Flehen 2-42095 993c

Armando Marescotti (Tenor) (Napoli, Italia 1887 - ?)

He studied singing in Neaples under the pedagogue Abramo Petrillo and later in Milan with Federico Corrado. He made his debut in 1911 at La Scala of Milan replacing Giuseppe Armanini in some perfomarces of ‘’Matrimonio Segreto’’. Later he went to USA, but appeared there without any success. He returned to Italy and continued his career as a mamber of different opera and operetta companies.

Chronology of some appearances

1911 Milano Teatro La Scala Matrimonio Segreto (Paolino)
1912 Trento Teatro Gustavo Modena Rigoletto (Duca)
1915 Benevento Teatro Vittorio Emanuele Favorita (Fernando)
1916 Lisbona  Coliseo Recrejos Favorita (Fernando)
1917 Barcellona Teatro Liceo Thais (Nicia)
1919 Pola Teatro Ciscutti Barbiere di Siviglia (Almaviva)
1920 Firenze Teatro Goldoni Favorita (Fernando)
1921 Ravenna  Teatro Alighieri Pescatori di perle (Nadir)
1922 Trapani  Teatro Garibaldi Mefistofele (Faust)
1932 Napoli Teatro Bellini Barbiere di Siviglia (Almaviva)


Columbia, Milano
Pescatori di Perle (Bizet): Del tempio al limitar with Giulio Fregosi D4763 70100

Paul Franz (Tenor) (Paris, France 1876 - Paris, France 1950)




His real name was François Gauthier. First he became a railroad employee, then studied singing at the Conservatoire in Paris. Privately he perfected his vocal technique under Louis Delaquerrière in Paris. In 1908 he won a competition for amateur singers and immediately attracted the attention ot the director of the Grand Opéra in Paris. His debut that same year as Lohengrin in Nantes was a remarkable success and he subsequently joined the ensemble of the Grand Opéra, where he remained as an admired member until 1938. Here he appeared in several opera premieres:
1914 Parsifal (Richard Wagner)
1920 La Légende de Saint Christophe (Vincent d'Indy)
1921 Antar  (Gabriel Dupont)
1921 Les Troyens (Hector Berlioz)
1923 Padmâvati (Albert Roussel)
In 1922 he had at the Grand Opéra a special success as Walther von Stolzing in ‘’Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg’’. At the Opéra de Monte-Carlo he made guest appearance in 1922. The next year he sang there in the premiere of Raoul Gunsbourg’s ‘’Lysistrata’’. He also sang in Brussels. In  the 1910-1914 he appeared with great success at Covent Garden, London. Here his repertoire included the Samson in C. Saint-Saën's ''Samson et Dalila'', Radames in ''Aida'', Raoul in ''Les Huguenots'' of G. Meyerbeer, José in ''Carmen'' and Julien in ''Louise'' of G. Charpentier. Siegfried Wagner intended him for the Bayreuth Festival of 1915, but the outbreak of the First World War prevented these plans. In 1910 he performed at La Scala, in 1918 at the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires, also he guested at the Opera in Antwerp After his stage farewell he was appointed a professor at the Conservatoire National de Paris. He was also active as a composer (ballet ''L'Orchestre en liberté'') and translated German song texts of Schubert and Schumann

Chronology of some appearances

1909-1938 Paris Grand Opéra
1910 Milano La Scala
1910-1914 London Covent Garden
1918 Buenos Aires Teatro Colón
1922-1923 Monte-Carlo Opéra 


Gramophone, Paris 1911-10-27
Samson et Dalila (Saint-Saëns): Arrêtez, ô mes frères 4-32274 16920u
Lohengrin (Wagner): Récit du Graal 032212 02158v

Gramophone, Paris 1911-11-14
Roméo et Juliette (Gounod): Salut, tombeau 032227 02198v

Gramophone, Paris 1911-11-28
Aida (Verdi): O céleste Aida 032238 02233v
Carmen (Bizet): La fleur 032239 02234v

Gramophone, Paris 1912-04-29
Roméo et Juliette (Gounod): Ah, lève-toi, soleil 032244 02377v
Sigurd (Reyer): Esprits gardiens 032245 02378v

Gramophone, Paris 1912-05-13
Sigurd (Reyer): Un souvenir poignant 4-32306 17200u

Gramophone, Paris 1912-12-07
Huguenots (Meyerbeer): Plus blanche 032268 02616v

Gramophone, Paris 1914-01-10
Siegfried (Wagner): Chant du glaive 4-32353x 18622½u
Parsifal (Wagner): Une arme seule 032302 02884v
Parsifal (Wagner): Hagards nes yeux 032303 02883v
Walküre (Wagner): Chanson du printemps 4-32352x 18623u

Gramophone, Paris 1914-04-22
Lohengrin (Wagner): Ma confiance en toi 7-32007 18782u
Lohengrin (Wagner): Mon cygne aimé 2-032013 02953v
Tannhäuser (Wagner): Récit de Rome, pt 1 2-032014 02954v 
Tannhäuser (Wagner): Récit de Rome, pt 2 2-032015  02955v

Pathé, Paris 1924?
Attaque du Moulin (Bruneau): Adieux à la forêt 0426
Hérodiade (Massenet): Air de Jean 0428

Pathé, Paris 1930 - 1931
Siegfried (Wagner): Murmures de la forêt, pt 1 7235
Siegfried (Wagner): Murmures de la forêt, pt 2 7235

Columbia, Paris 1930 - 1932?
Fille de Roland (Rabaud): Chanson des épées LF23 WL2024
Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Wagner): L'aube vermeille LF23 WL2220
Hérodiade (Massenet): Ne pouvant réprimer LFX56 WLX1351
Siegfried (Wagner): Nothung! Glaive rêve! LF45 WL2344
Siegfried (Wagner): Chant de la forge LF45 WL2345
Sigurd (Reyer): Le bruit des chants LFX56 WLX642

Pathé, Paris 1933?
Samson et Dalila (Saint-Saëns): Scène de la meule, pt 1 (w. chorus) X90043
Samson et Dalila (Saint-Saëns): Scène de la meule, pt 2 (w. chorus) X90043
Otello (Verdi): Tout m'abandonne X 90047
Prophete (Meyerbeer: Roi du ciel X 90047

Luigi Lupato (Tenor) (Lusiana/Vicenza, Italia 1888 - ? 1966)

He studied singing in Venice under Saffo Bellincioni and later in Milan with the teacher Schneider and made his debut in 1919 at the Teatro Mariani of Ravenna in ‘’Carmen’’.

Chronology of some appearances

1919  Ravenna Teatro Mariani Carmen (Don Josè)
1921 Vicenza  Teatro Eretenio Carmen (Don Josè)
1922 Venezia  Teatro Malibran Forza del destino (Alvaro)
1923 Livorno Politeama Aida (Radames)
1924 Aja Het Gebow  Trovatore (Manrico)
1925 Reggio Emilia Teatro Municipale Ernani (Ernani)
1926 Bari Teatro Petruzzelli  Il Piccolo Marat (Marat)
1927 Modena  Teatro Municipale Turandot (Calaf)
1928 Novara Teatro Coccia Aida (Radames)
1929 Lisbona Coliseo Recrejos Aida (Radames)
1930 Osimo Teatro Nuova Fenice Andrea Chenier (Chenier)


Gramophone, Milano 1920
Complete Andrea Chénier (Giordano): with Bartolomasi, Pacini, Venturini, Garrone, Festa & chorus 

Rudolf Ritter (Tenor) (Brüx, now Most, Czech Republic 1878 - Gaildorf, nr Stuttgart, Germany 1966)

First he became an officer and belonged to the Austrian-Hungarian army (1898-1908). Then he studied singing at the Vienna Music Academy and in 1910 made his debut at the Volksoper in Vienna, to which he belonged till 1913. Here on 23. 11. 1911 he appeared in the premiere of the opera "Der Kuhreigen" by Kienzl. In 1913 he was engaged by the Hofoper in Stuttgart and sang here with great success approximately twenty years and appeared among other things in the premieres of the operas "Ulenspiegel" of Walter Braunfels (1913) and "Eine Florentinische Tragödie" by Alexander Zemlinsky (1917). In  the 1923-1924 season he undertook with the German Opera Company a tour through North America. In 1923 he made guest appearance at the Great Northern Theatre in Chicago and in 1924 sang in New York in the première of the opera "Der Evangelimann" by W. Kienzl. In the 1924-1925 season, at the Bayreuth Festival, he took over the part of Siegfried in Ring-Zyklus.  Here in 1930 he sang the part of Tannhäuser. In 1926 he had a huge success in South America. In the 1929-1931 season, under Johanna Gadski, he travelled with the Second German Opera Company again around North America. He made guest appearances in London (Covent Garden), Paris (Grand Opéra), Vienna (Staatsoper. 1921-1922), the Hague (1931) and Zurich (Stadttheater. 1916, 1922). In 1927 at the festival of Zoppot he took part of Siegfried in "Götterdämmerung". In 1933 he retired from the stage. Then he lived in Stuttgart and worked as vocal pedagogue. Married to the pianist Gret Hein.

Chronology of some appearances

1910-1913 Vienna Volksoper
1913-1920's Stuttgart Hofoper


Vox, Berlin 1923
Rienzi (Wagner): Gebet *03351 1292A
Otello (Verdi): Othellos Tod *03351 1296A

Odeon, Berlin 1924-10-07
Tiefland (d'Albert): Schau her, das ist ein Taler 80223 xxB7052
Tiefland (d'Albert): Ich grüß' noch einmal meine Berge 80224 xxB7053

Piero Biasini (Baritone) (Treviso or Ferrara, Italia 1899 - Milano, Italia 1973)


Probably he made his debut in 1924. In  the 1927-1930 seasons and again in 1934 he appeared with great success at the Italian Opera in Holland. Here he took over parts like the Jago in G. Verdi’s ‘’Otello’’, Don Carlo in ‘’La forza del Destino’’, Rigoletto, Scarpia in ‘’Tosca’’ and had a special success as father in ‘’Louise’’ of G. Charpentier opposite Giuseppina Cobelli and Gilda Dalla Rizza. In 1932 he was engaged by the La Scala, where he made his debut as Albert in J. Massenet’s ‘’Werther’’. Till 1940 he sang regularly at La Scala and appeared there again from 1944 to 1950. The parts, which he took over at La Scala were the Belcore in ‘’Elisir d'amore’’, Marcello in ‘’La Bohème’’, Figaro in ‘’Nozze di Figaro’’, Lescaut in G. Puccini’s ‘’Manon Lescaut’’, Albert in ‘’Werther’’ of J. Massenet, Mercutio in ‘’Faust’’ of C. Gounod, Don Giovanni and the father in ‘’Hansel and Gretel’’ of E. Humperdinck. In 1932 he appeared at La Scala in the premiere of the opera ‘’Una Partita’’ of R. Zandonai. In 1933 he sang at the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino the part of Cinna in ‘’La Vestale’’ by G. Spontini (opposite  Rose Ponselle). Here in 1941 he made appearance as Marcello in ‘’La Bohème’’. In 1932 at the Opéra de Monte-Carlo he appeared as Rigoletto. In 1930 at the Teatro Comunale in Florence he sang the role of Germont-père in ‘’La Traviata’’. In 1937 he made guest appearances at Covent Garden as Ford in G. Verdi’s ‘’Falstaff’’, Malatesta in ‘’Don Pasquale’’ and the Ping in ‘’Turandot’’. In  the 1939-1942 he was to be heard regularly at the Teatro dell'Opera di Roma (among other things as Belcore in ‘’Elisir d'amore’’). At the Teatro Comunale in Bologna in 1940 he sang the parts of Count in ‘’Nozze di Figaro’’and Jack Rance in ‘’La Fanciulla del West’’. He appeared also at the Salzburg Festival from 1935 to 1939. In 1948 he guested at the Vienna State Opera as Germont-père and as Amonasro. In 1949 he performed at the Théâtre de la Monnaie in Brussels. After his retirement in 1950, he lived in Milan and worked as vocal pedagogue.

Chronology of some appearances

1927-1930 Holland Italian Opera
1930 Firenze Teatro Comunale
1932-1940 Milano La Scala
1932 Monte-Carlo Opéra
1933 Firenze Maggio Musicale Fiorentino
1934 Holland Italian Opera
1937 London Covent Garden
1939-1942 Roma Teatro dell'Opera
1941 Firenze Maggio Musicale
1944-1950 Milano La Scala


HMV, Milano 1929-04-15
Complete Cavalleria Rusticana (Mascagni): with Giovanni Breviario, Delia Sanzio, Olga De Franco and Mimma Pantaleoni